Read

English Hindi

Biography

Politics & War

Politics & War

Shinzo Abe

Shinzo Abe

 

EARLY LIFE

 

  • Shinzo Abe was born on 21 september 1954 in Tokyo to a prominent political family with significant economic influence throughout pre-war, wartime and post-war Japan.
  •  His grandfather Nobusuke Kishi was de facto “economic king” of occupied China, Korea.
  • Abe’s mother, Yoko Kishi, is the daughter of Nobusuke Kishi, who was Prime Minister of Japan from 1957 to 1960.
EDUCATION

 

  • Abe attended Seikei Elementary School, Seikei Junior High School and Seikei Senior High School. He studied public administration and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in political science from Seikei University in 1977.
  • He later moved to the United States and studied public policy at the University of Southern California’s School of Public Policy for three semesters.
  •  He left the company in 1982 and pursued a number of government positions including executive assistant to the Minister for Foreign Affairs.
POLITICS

 

  • Shinzo Abe was elected to the first district of Yamaguchi Prefecture in 1993 after his father’s death in 1991.
  • On 23 April 2006, Abe was elected as the president of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party.
  • On 14 July 2006, Abe was inaugurated as Japanese Prime Minister.Elected at age 52, he was the youngest prime minister since Fumimaro Konoe in 1941
LOSS

 

  • Abe’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party suffered great losses in the upper house election, marking the first time it had lost control in 52 years.
  • On 26 September 2007 Abe officially ended his term as Yasuo Fukuda became the new prime minister of Japan.
THE RISING

 

  • Abe later revealed that the illness that contributed to ending his first term as prime minister was ulcerative colitis, but that he has since recovered.
  • After resigning as prime minister, Abe remained in the National Diet and was re-elected in his Yamaguchi 4th district at the 2009 election when the LDP lost power to the Democratic Party of Japan.
  • Abe returned to the LDP leadership at a time of political turmoil.
SECOND TERM

 

  • On 16 November 2012, Prime Minister Noda announced the dissolution of the lower house and that the general election would be held on 16 December.
  • In the elections on 16 December 2012, the LDP won 294 seats in the 480 seat House of Representatives. Together with the New Komeito Party (which has partnered with the LDP since the late 1990s), Abe was able to form a coalition government that controlled a two-thirds majority in the lower house, allowing it to override the upper house’s veto.[
PRIME MINISTER

 

  • On 26 December 2012, Abe was formally elected as prime minister by the Diet, with the support of 328 out of 480 members of the House of Representatives.
  • On 24 December 2014 Abe was re-elected to the position of Prime Minister by the House of Representatives.
  • On 19 November 2019, Abe became Japan’s longest-serving prime minister, surpassing the 2,883-day record of Katsura Tarō. On 24 August 2020, Abe became the longest-serving prime minister in terms of consecutive days in office, surpassing Eisaku Satō’s 2,798-day record.
RESIGNED

 

  • Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Friday said he had decided to step down due to worsening health conditions, and said he apologised to citizens from the bottom of his heart for not being able to fulfil his duties.
  • Abe, Japan’s longest serving prime minister, said it was not up to him to decide on his successor, comments that highlight the brewing scramble to replace him from within the ruling Liberal Democratic Party
  • Speculation about Abe’s health and tenure had risen after he made two visits to a hospital recently. He has battled the chronic disease ulcerative colitis for years