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Biography

Politics & War

Pratibha Devisingh Patil

Pratibha Devisingh Patil

EARLY LIFE

  • Pratibha Devisingh was born on 19 December 1934 in the village of Nadgaon, in the Jalgaon district of Maharashtra, India.
  • She was educated initially at R. R. Vidyalaya, Jalgaon, and subsequently was awarded a master’s degree in Political Science and Economics by Mooljee Jetha College, Jalgaon, and then a Bachelor of Law degree by Government Law College, Mumbai, affiliated to the University of Mumbai.

 EARLY LIFE

  • Patil then began to practice law at the Jalgaon District Court, while also taking interest in social issues such as improving the conditions faced by Indian women.
  • Patil married Devisingh Ransingh Shekhawat on 7 July 1965. The couple have a daughter and a son, Raosaheb Shekhawat, who is also a politician.

PORTFOLIOS

  • In 1962, at the age of 27, she was elected to the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly for the Jalgaon constituency.
  • Thereafter she won in the Muktainagar (formerly Edlabad) constituency on four consecutive occasions between 1967 and 1985, before becoming a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha between 1985 and 1990.
  • In the 1991 elections for the 10th Lok Sabha, she was elected as a Member of Parliament representing the Amravati constituency.

PORTFOLIOS

  • Patil had held various Cabinet portfolios during her period in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly and she had also held official positions while in both the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha.
  • In addition, she had been for some years the president of the Maharashtra Pradesh Congress Committee and also held office as Director of the National Federation of Urban Co-operative Banks and Credit Societies and as a Member of the Governing Council of the National Cooperative Union of India.
  • On 8 November 2004 she was appointed as the 24th Governor of Rajasthan.

PRESIDENT

  • Patil won the election held on 19 July 2007. She garnered nearly two-thirds of the votes and took office as India’s first woman president on 25 July 2007.
  • Patil’s term as the President of India saw various controversies. She commuted death sentences of 35 petitioners to life, a record. President’s Office, however, defended this by saying that President had granted clemency to the petitioners after due consideration and examining the advice of the Home Ministry. Patil was noted for having spent more money on foreign trips,and having taken a greater number of foreign trips,than any prior president.

PRESIDENT

  • Sometimes accompanied by as many as 11 members of her family, there had been 12 foreign trips spanning 22 countries by May 2012,when she was away on her 13th trip.
  • Those completed travels had cost Rs 205 crore (Rs 2.05 billion).

PRESIDENT

  • Patil set up Vidya Bharati Shikshan Prasarak Mandal, an educational institute which runs a chain of schools and colleges in Amravati, Jalgaon, Pune and Mumbai.
  • She also set up Shram Sadhana Trust which runs hostels for working women in New Delhi, Mumbai and Pune; and an engineering college for rural students in Jalgaon district.
  • She also co-founded a cooperative sugar factory known as Sant Muktabai Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana at Muktainagar