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Pandurang Vaman Kane

Pandurang Vaman Kane





  • Pandurang Vaman Kane (7 May 1880 – 8 May 1972) was a notable Indologist and Sanskrit scholar.
  • He received India’s highest civilian award Bharat Ratna in 1963 for his scholarly work that spanned more than 40 years of active academic research that resulted in 6,500 pages of History of Dharmaśāstra.
  • His monumental work entitled the “History of the Dharmasastra”, published in five volumes in the twentieth century, is an encyclopedia of ancient social laws and customs. This enables us to


  • He was born on 7th May 1880 in a village called Pedhem or Parasnrama near Chiplun in the Ratnagiri District at his maternal uncle’s house.
  • They were nine children, six brothers and three sisters. he was the eldest of the sons and one sister was older.
  • In 1891 he joined the 8. P. G. Mission’s English High School at Dapoli and passed the Bombay University’s Matriculation Examination in 1897 and stood high among the successful candidates. While at school, he began to suffer from hyper-acidity, consequent acute stomach pains and vomiting at the age of 16 and had to leave school for nearly a year.


  • He joined College in June and appeared for the first year’s examination of the Bombay University in November 1898 and was awarded a scholarship of Rs. 175 and a prize of Rs. 100 for being the first among the students whose second language was Sanskrit.
  • Two years afterwards he appeared for the B. A. examination in 1901 and was awarded the Bhau Daji Prize for proficiency in Sanskrit and stood first among the students of the Wilson College.


  • After the B. A. examination was a Daksina Fellow at the Wilson College for two years and lectured to the first two years’ classes at the Wilson College on Sanskrit about three hours a week.
  • In 1902, he passed the First LL. B. examination in the First class and in 1903 the M. A. examination and was awarded the Zala Vedanta Prize of Rs. 400.
  • His father had yet to spend for the education of several sons he asked him either to enter the Education Department as a High School teacher or to become a lawyer in a subordinate court.


  • He applied to the Director of Public Instruction, Poona, for appointment as a teacher in a Govt. High School. He was appointed a teacher in the Govt. High School at Ratnagiri in August 1904 on a salary of Bs. 60 per month raised to Bs. 65 per month after a few months ( having been an M. A, with five scholarships and prizes in Sanskrit).
  • He was at the Ratnagiri Govt. High School for three years. He appeared for the S. T. C. (Secondary Teacher’s Certificate ) Examination held by the Department in 1905 and stood first in the whole of the Bombay Presidency (including Sind in those days ). He was transferred at his own request to the Elphinstone High School in Bombay


  • He collected two thousand rupees, resigned from Govt service at the end of June 1911 and applied for a Sanad ( after paying Rs. 500 as fee for enrolment as a Vakil of the High Court of Bombay) with a certificate of good moral character from Mr. Khare and was enrolled as a Vakil of the High Court on 5th July 1911.
  • In 1917 June he was appointed as a Professor of Law in the Govt. Law College at Bombay.
  • The exact date and cause of Dr. Kane’s death remain unknown. However, it is confirmed that it happened in the year 1972 when he was 92 years old.