Read

English Hindi

Biography

Politics & War

Famous Awardees

Nana Ji Deshmukh

Nana Ji Deshmukh

 

 

AWARDEE

 

Bharat Ratna Award | 2019 Awardees

  • Nanaji Deshmukh
  • Bhupen Hazarika
  • Pranab Mukherjee

Bharat Ratna Award | 2015 Awardees

  • Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  • Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 2014 Awardees

  • Shri Sachin Tendulkar
  • Professor C. N. R. Rao

Bharat Ratna Award | 2009 Awardee

  • Pandit Bhimsen Joshi

Bharat Ratna Award | 2001 Awardees

  • Ustad Bismillah Khan
  • Sushri Lata Mangeshkar

Bharat Ratna Award | 1999 Awardees

  • Pandit Ravi Shankar
  • Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)
  • Professor Amartya Sen
  • Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1998 Awardees 

  • Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam
  • Smt M.S. Subbulakshmi

Bharat Ratna Award | 1997 Awardees

  • Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
  • Smt Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)
  • Shri Gulzarilal Nanda

Bharat Ratna Award | 1992 Awardees

  • Shri Satyajit Ray
  • Shri J.R.D Tata
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1991 Awardees

  • Shri Morarji Desai
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)
  • Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1990 Awardees

  • Nelson Mandela
  • Dr B.R Ambedkar

Bharat Ratna Award | 1988 Awardee

  • Shri M.G Ramachandran

Bharat Ratna Award | 1987 Awardee

  • Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Bharat Ratna Award | 1983 Awardee

  • Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave

Bharat Ratna Award | 1980 Awardee

  • Mother Teresa

Bharat Ratna Award | 1976 Awardee

  • Shri K. Kamaraj (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1975 Awardee

  • Shri V.V Giri

Bharat Ratna Award | 1971 Awardee

  • Smt Indira Gandhi

Bharat Ratna Award | 1966 Awardee

  • Shri Lal Bahadur Shashtri (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1963 Awardee

  • Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane

Bharat Ratna Award | 1962 Awardees

  • Dr. Zakir Husain
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Bharat Ratna Award | 1961 Awardees

  • Shri Purushottam Das Tandon
  • Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy

Bharat Ratna Award | 1958 Awardee

  • Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve

Bharat Ratna Award | 1957 Awardee

  • Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant

Bharat Ratna Award | 1955 Awardees

  • Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Dr. M Visvesvaraya
  • Dr. Bhagwan Das

Bharat Ratna Award | 1954 Awardees

  • Dr. C.V Raman
  • Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
  • Shri C. Rajagopalachari
DESHMUKH

 

  • Chandikadas Amritrao Deshmukh also known as Nanaji Deshmukh (11 October 1916 – 27 February 2010) was a social activist from India.
  • He worked in the fields of education, health, and rural self-reliance. He was honoured with the Padma Vibhushan in 1999. He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award in 2019 by Government of India. He was a leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh and also a member of the Rajya Sabha.
RATNA

 

  • Nanaji was born on 11 October 1916 into a Marathispeaking Deshastha Brahmin family at Kadoli, which is a small town in the Hingoli district.
  • He had a great desire for education despite the lack of money. Due to this, he worked as a vegetable seller to raise money for his education. He was inspired by Bal Gangadhar Tilak
RATNA

 

  • He went to high school in Sikar, where the Raoraja of Sikar gave him a scholarship. He studied in Birla college (Now BITS Pilani) ). In the same year, he also joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
  • Nanaji always laid great emphasis on education. He established India’s first Saraswati Shishu Mandir at Gorakhpur Min 1950.
  • Deshmukh was asked by Golwalkar to take charge of Bharatiya Jana Sangh in Uttar Pradesh as its general secretary. Deshmukh had worked as RSS pracharak in Uttar Pradesh and his groundwork proved of a great help in organising BJS at the grass roots
RATNA

 

  • By 1957 BJS had established its units at each and every district in Uttar Pradesh and credit for this goes to the Deshmukh who had extensively travelled all over the state.
  • In Uttar Pradesh, BJS gained strength from Upadhyaya’s vision, Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s oratory skills and Deshmukh’s organizational work and it emerged as an important player in the state politics
RATNA

 

  • Later, Narayan himself and Morarji Desai, who became the Prime Minister heading the Janata Party Government, publicly praised the courage shown by Deshmukh and, as a reward, offered him the Cabinet portfolio of Industry, but Deshmukh spurned the overture.
  • Deshmukh had won in the 1977 election held after revocation of the Emergency with a comfortable margin from Balrampur Lok Sabha constituency of Uttar Pradesh.
 RATNA

 

  • In 1980, when he turned 60, he opted not only from the electoral fray but also politics. He later devoted himself completely to social and constructive work, lived in ashrams and never projected himself.
  • He was nominated to Rajya Sabha by the NDA Government in the year 1999 in recognition of his services to the nation.
  • Deshmukh did a lot of social work in Gonda(U.P.) and Beed(Maharashtra). The motto of his project was: “Har hath ko denge kaam, har khet ko denge paanee”.
RATNA

 

  • He finally settled down at Chitrakoot. He was moved to see the pathetic condition of the society in the karmabhoomi of Ram, the place where Ram spent 12 out of the 14 years in exile.
  • He sat by the holy River Mandakini, and resolved to change the face of Chitrakoot during his lifetime. While in exile, Ram started working for the upliftment of the downtrodden here. With this important historical and inspiring background, Deshmukh made Chitrakoot the centre of his social work.
RATNA

 

  • He used to remark jokingly that he admired Vanavasi Ram more than Raja Ram and so would like to spend the rest of his life in Chitrakoot among the vanavasis and most backward sections of the society.
  • He also established Chitarkoot Gramoday Vishwavidyalaya in Chitrakoot, India’s first rural University, and served as its Chancellor Nanaji implemented the philosophy of integral humanism to improve the living standards of more than 150 villages of bundelkhand.
RATNA

 

  • He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 2019(Posthumously) and Padma Vibhushan in 1999.
  • Deshmukh died on 27 February 2010 in the premises of Chitrakoot Gramoday Vishwavidyalaya that he established