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Maharshi Jamini

Maharshi Jamini

 

JAIMINI

 

  • Jaimini was an ancient Hindu scholar who founded the Mimansa school of Hindu philosophy. He was a disciple of sage Veda Vyasa, the son of Parashara.
  • Traditionally attributed to be the author of the Mimamsa Sutras and Jaimini Sutras, he is estimated to have lived around the 4th-century BCE.
  • His birth place and yogasthali at present Jaimini nagarpalika word no.1, District of Baglung Nepal.His birth place populer of Jaimini Ghat and a tourist place situated near of kaligandaki river.
MIMAMSA SUTRA

 

  • A story about Jaimini appears in Maarkandeya Puraan. Jaimini was the disciple of Maharshi Ved Vyaas.
  • The Mimamsa Sutra or the Purva Mimamsa Sutras written by Rishi Jaimini is one of the most important ancient Hindu philosophical texts.
  • It forms the basis of Mimamsa the earliest of the six orthodox schools (darshanas) of Indian philosophy.

 

MIMANSA SUTRA

 

  • Mimamsa Sutra consists of twelve chapters:
  1. In the first chapter import of the collections of words which have various meanings is discussed. Such as, injunction (vidhi), explanatory passage (arthavada), hymn (mantra), tradition (smriti) etc.
  2. In the second chapter, discussions relating to the difference of various rites, refutation of erroneously proofs etc. are held.
  3. In the third chapter, sruti, sense of the passage (linga), context (vakya).
  4. In the fourth chapter, the influence on other rites of the principal and subordinate rites.
  5. Fifth chapter discusses relative order of various passages of sruti, different parts of sacrifice etc.
  6. In the sixth chapter, the persons qualified to offer sacrifices, their obligations, the substitutes for materials used in sacrifices, expiatory rites and the different sacrificial fires are made clear.
  7. In the seventh and eight chapters, transference of ceremonies and transference by virtue from one sacrifice to another are discussed.
  8. In the ninth chapter, adaptation of hymns when quoted in a new context (uha), and melodies(samans) and mantras are discussed.
  9. In the tenth, the discussion revolves around the non-performance of the primary rites.
  10. In the eleventh chapter, there is discussion on tantra (combining several acts one), and avapa (performance of an act more than once).
  11. In the twelfth chapter, prasanga, tantra and cumulation of concurrent rites (samuchchaya) is explained.
JAIMINI SUTRA

 

  • Jaimini Sutras, also called as Upadesa Sutras is an ancient Sanskrit text on the predictive part of Hindu astrology.
  • It comprises nine hundred and thirty-six sutras or aphorisms arranged in four chapters, and though having several distinct features of its own, the Jaimini System, and gives due importance to Rahu and Ketu, the two Lunar Nodes.
CHAPTERS

 

  • Jaimini Sutras, arranged in four chapters, cover Karakamsa, Arudha, Upapada and navamsa in the first chapter.
  • Longevity, Diseases, Profession, Progeny and Spouse, in the second.
  • Longevity, Nature and cause of death, in the third
  • and in the fourth chapter it covers the account of prenatal epoch.
SUTRA

 

  • The treatment of the different Bhavas, Rasis and Planets found confusing require patience, diligence and practice to comprehend.
  • It gives various Lagnas and his dashas are mostly founded on Rasis and Navamsas, and also the calculations backwards and forwards for odd and even signs and the extent of dashas differs from the ordinary conceptions as explained by the general principles of astrology.