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Politics & War

Ibrahim Lodi

Ibrahim Lodi

 

IBRAHIM LODI(1517 – 26)

 

  • He was born in 1480 AD. His rule continued from 1517- 1526 AD. He died in 1526 AD and was succeeded by Babur. He was the last ruler of Lodi dynasty and also the son of Sikandar Lodi ascended the throne in 1517.
  • He attained the throne upon the death of his father, Sikandar, but was not blessed with the same ruling capability but it didn’t worked. • Ibrahim was impolite, obstinate and rash. He failed to understand the character and sentiments of his own race i.e. Afghan nobles.
DUALITY

 

  •  He brought the idea of Dual Monarchy which was suppressed by Sikandar Lodi was revived again by Ibrahim Lodii.
  • He installed his brother Jalal Khan as the independent ruler of Jaunpur even though his seniors did not like the idea of two brothers reining the same kingdom.
  • The division of the empire between the two brothers was agreed upon by Ibrahim in the presence of his nobles. He refuted it very soon. It displeased all those nobles who were in favour of the agreement.
DISPUTE WITH NOBLES

 

  • On the one hand the Afghan nobles desired that the Sultan should consider them as his associates or colleagues and on the other hand, to prove himself more powerful.
  • Ibrahim’s actions provoked the rebellious nature of the Amirs who felt humiliated.
  • Rana Sangram Singh, the ruler of Mewar insulted Ibrahim by extending his empire up to western Uttar Pradesh and threatened to attack Agra.
RANA SANGA

 

  • Supported by his prosperity against Gwalior, Ibrahim chose to overcome Mewar whose ruler was Rana Sanga—an awesome warrior. The armed forces of Delhi met with a few turn around. Ibrahim lost his distinction and asset.
  • In 1526, one of his honorable – Daulat Khan welcomed Babur to attack India and asked for him to take revenge from Ibrahim for their benefit. Babur reacted to his request and set out to meet the Sultan of Delhi.
FIRST BATTLE OF PANIPAT – 1526

 

  • Following are usually ascribed the main causes of the defeat of Ibrahim in spite of his having about 10 times force than Babur in the
 FIRST BATTLE OF PANIPAT.

 

  • Use of artillery and Babur’s well-disciplined army lead to his deafeat
  • The defeat and death of Ibrahim Lodi led to the opening of a new chapter in the history of India. Ibrahim neither had the qualities of a great general nor that of a skilful diplomat. All these led to the fall of the Lodi dynasty
COLLAPSED

 

  • The armed forces of Babur and Ibrahim Lodi conflicted with one another at Panipat on April 21, 1526, and Ibrahim notwithstanding overpowering prevalence in numbers was crushed and killed.
  • Thus the first battle of Panipat (1526) saw the foundation of the Mughal kingdom in India.