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Politics & War

Gopinath Bordoloi

Gopinath Bordoloi

 

 

AWARDEE

 

Bharat Ratna Award | 2019 Awardees

  • Nanaji Deshmukh
  • Bhupen Hazarika
  • Pranab Mukherjee

Bharat Ratna Award | 2015 Awardees

  • Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  • Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 2014 Awardees

  • Shri Sachin Tendulkar
  • Professor C. N. R. Rao

Bharat Ratna Award | 2009 Awardee

  • Pandit Bhimsen Joshi

Bharat Ratna Award | 2001 Awardees

  • Ustad Bismillah Khan
  • Sushri Lata Mangeshkar

Bharat Ratna Award | 1999 Awardees

  • Pandit Ravi Shankar
  • Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)
  • Professor Amartya Sen
  • Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1998 Awardees

  • Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam
  • Smt M.S. Subbulakshmi

Bharat Ratna Award | 1997 Awardees

  • Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
  • Smt Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)
  • Shri Gulzarilal Nanda

Bharat Ratna Award | 1992 Awardees

  • Shri Satyajit Ray
  • Shri J.R.D Tata
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1991 Awardees

  • Shri Morarji Desai
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)
  • Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1990 Awardees

  • Nelson Mandela
  • Dr B.R Ambedkar

Bharat Ratna Award | 1988 Awardee

  • Shri M.G Ramachandran

Bharat Ratna Award | 1987 Awardee

  • Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Bharat Ratna Award | 1983 Awardee

  • Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave

Bharat Ratna Award | 1980 Awardee

  • Mother Teresa

Bharat Ratna Award | 1976 Awardee

  • Shri K. Kamaraj (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1975 Awardee

  • Shri V.V Giri

Bharat Ratna Award | 1971 Awardee

  • Smt Indira Gandhi

Bharat Ratna Award | 1966 Awardee

  • Shri Lal Bahadur Shashtri (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1963 Awardee

  • Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane

Bharat Ratna Award | 1962 Awardees

  • Dr. Zakir Husain
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Bharat Ratna Award | 1961 Awardees

  • Shri Purushottam Das Tandon
  • Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy

Bharat Ratna Award | 1958 Awardee

  • Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve

Bharat Ratna Award | 1957 Awardee

  • Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant

Bharat Ratna Award | 1955 Awardees

  • Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Dr. M Visvesvaraya
  • Dr. Bhagwan Das

Bharat Ratna Award | 1954 Awardees

  • Dr. C.V Raman
  • Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
  • Shri C. Rajagopalachari
RATNA

 

  • Gopinath Bordoloi was born on 10 June 1890 at Raha His father was Buddheswar Bordoloi and mother Praneswari Bordoloi.
  • He lost his mother when he was only 12 years old. He got admitted in Cotton College (then an affiliated college of the University of Calcutta, now a separate autonomous university)after passing matriculation in 1907.
  • He passed I.A. in 1st Div. In 1909 and took admission in the renowned Scottish Church College (also affiliated to the University of Calcutta) and graduated in 1911.
  • He then passed M.A. from the University of Calcutta in 1914. He studied Law for three years but came back to Guwahati without sitting in the final examination.
  • He took up the temporary job as Headmaster of Sonaram High School. During that period, he sat and passed in the Law examination and started practicing in 1917 in Guwahati
RATNA

 

  • The Assam Association was the only political organisation of Assam in that period. Assam Congress was formed in 1921 as a branch of the Indian National Congress.
  • Gopinath Bordoloi’s political life started when he joined the Indian National Congress as a volunteer in that year. He actively participated in the fight for independence.
  • He was arrested in 1922 due to active participation in the Non-co-operation movement and was put in jail for a year.
  • When the movement was called off following the Chauri Chaura incident, he went back to practising law. From 1930 to 1933, he kept himself away from all political activity and got involved in various social works after becoming member of Guwahati Municipal Board and Local Board. In addition, he was constantly demanding a separate University and High Court for Assam.
  • In 1935 Government of India Act was articulated with a view to form British India. Congress decided to participate in the Regional Assembly election in 1936. They won 38 seats and became the party with majority in Assembly, but due to a dubious law meant to reduce the power of Ministers and the Cabinet, they decided to remain as opposition party instead of forming the government. Gopinath Bordoloi was elected as the leader of the opposition party.
RATNA

 

  • The Governor then invited Gopinath Bordoloi to form the government and accordingly they took oath on 21 September.
  • The reasons of Gopinath Bordoloi becoming Prime Minister of undivided Assam were his political prowess, superb personality, truthfulness and behaviour which attracted not only his colleagues but also people of various communities.
  •  Congress got recognition as a powerful political party in Assam by virtue of his ability and intelligence. The new government didn’t last long as World War II began in 1939. Gopinath Bordoloi’s Cabinet resigned in 1940
  • following an appeal by Mohandas K. Gandhi. He was arrested again in December 1940. However, he was released before completing one year in jail due to ill health. When Quit India movement was launched in August 1942, the Congress party was declared outlawed and all leaders were arrested.
  • Gopinath Bordoloi was released from jail in 1944 and he straightaway started opposing the government with the help of other leaders. Md. Sadulla then offered to discuss the matters. An agreement was reached.
RATNA

 

  • Congress  participated in the election in 1946 and they became the major party in Assembly with 61 seats out of 108. They formed the Government and Gopinath Bordoloi was made Prime Minister unanimously.
  • Their plan included grouping of states into 3 categories for selecting the candidates to form the constitutional body with Assam and Bengal in third group.
  • The Assam Pradesh Congress committee decided to go against the grouping plan. Gopinath Bordoloi told the Indian National Congress working committee, Cabinet committee and the Viceroy that the representatives of Assam will form the Constitution of Assam themselves
  • Later, the members of the Assembly suggested a working formula in which ten representatives from Assam would form their own constitution without joining any group and would merge with national committee to form the Indian constitution.
  • In 1947, Lord Mountbatten took over as new Viceroy. He held separate meetings with the Muslim League, Congress and Mahatma Gandhi. They decided to go for Partition as a permanent solution
RATNA

 

  • After India’s Independence, he worked closely with Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel to secure the sovereignty of Assam against China on one hand and Pakistan on the other.
  •  He also helped to organise the rehabilitation of millions of Hindu refugees who had fled East Pakistan due to widespread violence and intimidation in the aftermath of Partition
  • Throughout his life, he was a stern believer in Gandhian principles. He led a simple life in spite of being a Chief Minister. He died on 5 August 1950.