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Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao

Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao

 

 

AWARDEE

 

Bharat Ratna Award | 2019 Awardees

  • Nanaji Deshmukh
  • Bhupen Hazarika
  • Pranab Mukherjee

Bharat Ratna Award | 2015 Awardees

  • Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  • Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 2014 Awardees

  • Shri Sachin Tendulkar
  • Professor C. N. R. Rao

Bharat Ratna Award | 2009 Awardee

  • Pandit Bhimsen Joshi

Bharat Ratna Award | 2001 Awardees

  • Ustad Bismillah Khan
  • Sushri Lata Mangeshkar

Bharat Ratna Award | 1999 Awardees

  • Pandit Ravi Shankar
  • Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)
  • Professor Amartya Sen
  • Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1998 Awardees

  • Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam
  • Smt M.S. Subbulakshmi

Bharat Ratna Award | 1997 Awardees

  • Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
  • Smt Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)
  • Shri Gulzarilal Nanda

Bharat Ratna Award | 1992 Awardees

  • Shri Satyajit Ray
  • Shri J.R.D Tata
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1991 Awardees

  • Shri Morarji Desai
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)
  • Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1990 Awardees

  • Nelson Mandela
  • Dr B.R Ambedkar

Bharat Ratna Award | 1988 Awardee

  • Shri M.G Ramachandran

Bharat Ratna Award | 1987 Awardee

  • Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Bharat Ratna Award | 1983 Awardee

  • Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave

Bharat Ratna Award | 1980 Awardee

  • Mother Teresa

Bharat Ratna Award | 1976 Awardee

  • Shri K. Kamaraj (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1975 Awardee

  • Shri V.V Giri

Bharat Ratna Award | 1971 Awardee

  • Smt Indira Gandhi

Bharat Ratna Award | 1966 Awardee

  • Shri Lal Bahadur Shashtri (Posthumous)

Bharat Ratna Award | 1963 Awardee

  • Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane

Bharat Ratna Award | 1962 Awardees

  • Dr. Zakir Husain
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Bharat Ratna Award | 1961 Awardees

  • Shri Purushottam Das Tandon
  • Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy

Bharat Ratna Award | 1958 Awardee

  • Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve

Bharat Ratna Award | 1957 Awardee

  • Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant

Bharat Ratna Award | 1955 Awardees

  • Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Dr. M Visvesvaraya
  • Dr. Bhagwan Das

Bharat Ratna Award | 1954 Awardees

  • Dr. C.V Raman
  • Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
  • Shri C. Rajagopalachari
RATNA

 

  • Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao FRS, also known as C. N. R. Rao (born 30 June 1934), is an Indian chemist who has worked mainly in solid-state and structural chemistry.
  • Rao has honorary doctorates from 60 universities from around the world, and has authored around 1,600 research publications and 51 books.
  • On 16 November 2013, the Government of India announced his selection for Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India, making him the third scientist after C.V. Raman and A. P. J. Abdul Kalam to receive the award.
RATNA

 

  • C.N.R. Rao was born in Bangalore to Hanumantha Nagesa Rao and Nagamma Nagesa Rao. He was an only child, and his learned parents made an academic environment.
  • He was well versed in Hindu literature from his mother and in English from his father at an early age. He did not attend elementary school but was home-tutored by his mother, who was particularly skilled in arithmetic and Hindu literature.
  •  He entered middle school in 1940, at age six.  He passed lower secondary examination (class VII) in first class in 1944.
RATNA

 

  • He attended Acharya Patashala high school in Basavanagudi, which made a lasting influence on his interest in chemistry.
  • He completed secondary school leaving certificate in first class in 1947. He studied BSc at Central College, Bangalore. Here he developed his communication skills in English and also learnt Sanskrit.
  • He obtained his bachelor’s degree from Mysore University in 1951, in first class, and only at the age of seventeen.
  • He obtained a master’s in chemistry from BHU two years later. In 1953 he was granted a scholarship for PhD in IIT Kharagpur. But four foreign universities, MIT, Penn State, Columbia and Purdue also offered him financial support. He chose Purdue.
  • His first research paper was published in the Agra University Journal of Research in 1954. He completed PhD in 1958, only after two years and nine months, at age twenty-four.
  • Rao is one of the world’s foremost solid state and materials chemists. He has contributed to the development of the field over five decades.
  •  His work on transition metal oxides has led to basic understanding of novel phenomena and the relationship between materials properties and the structural chemistry of these materials.
  • Rao was one of the earliest to synthesise two-dimensional oxide materials such as La2CuO4. His work has led to a systematic study of compositionally controlled metal-insulator transitions.
RATNA

 

  • Such studies have had a profound impact in application fields such as colossal magneto resistance and high temperature superconductivity. Oxide semiconductors have unusual promise. He has made immense contributions to nanomaterials over the last two decades, besides his work on hybrid materials.
  • After completion of his graduate studies Rao returned to Bangalore in 1959 to take up a lecturing position, joining IISC and embarking on an independent research program.
  • From 1963 to 1976 Rao accepted a permanent position in the Department of Chemistry at the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, during which time he was elected as a fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences in 1964.
  • He returned to IISc in 1976 to establish a solid state and structural chemistry unit. and became director of the IISc from 1984 to 1994.
  • He was appointed Chair of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Indian Prime Minister in January 2005, a position which he had occupied earlier during 1985–89.He shares co-authorship of around 1500 research papers and has co-authored and edited 45 books.