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Parmeshwar Narayan Haksar

Parmeshwar Narayan Haksar
PN HAKSAR
  • Parmeshwar Narayan Haksar (4 September 1913 – 25 November 1998) was an Indian bureaucrat and diplomat, best known for his two-year stint as Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s principal secretary (1971– 73). In that role, Haksar was the chief strategist behind his inexperienced prime minister’s rise to near-absolute power in the mid-1970s.
  • After this, he was appointed deputy chairman of the Planning Commission and then the first-ever chancellor of New Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru University.
EARLY LIFE
  • Haksar was born in 1913, Gujranwala (now in Pakistan) in a Kashmiri Pandit family. He studied Sanskrit at home and obtained an M.Sc. from Allahabad University, Uttar Pradesh.
  • He went on to study at the London School of Economics. As a student of Allahabad University, he was a resident of Mayo Hall & made frequent visits to the Anand Bhawan, the house of Motilal Nehru.
CAREER
  • Haskar had already made his mark as a lawyer in Allahabad, before he was selected in the Indian Foreign Service in 1947, and was quite close to Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • P. N. Haksar served as the India ambassador to Nigeria and Austria. In the 1960s, he also served as a deputy high commissioner in London. After twenty years of diplomatic service, he was appointed as an aide to the then prime minister, Indira Gandhi.
CHANAKYA OF INDIRA GANDHI
  • In 1967, he replaced L. K. Jha as Secretary to the Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi and was promoted to the newly formed post of Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister of India in 1971.
  • Till the time he moved out from the position of Principal Secretary to Indira Gandhi, Haksar exercised significant influence on the formulation of domestic & foreign policies.
  • Haksar was noted for his strategizing on the nationalization of banks, insurance & foreign oil companies, the 1971 Indo-Soviet treaty and the liberation of Bangladesh.
  • He is also the chief architect of the Shimla Agreement with Pakistan, as he was of the Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW). 1967-73
  • NATIONALIZATION OF BANKS
  • ABOLITION OF PRIVY PURSE
  • INDO SOVIET TREATY(1971)
  • LIBERATION OF BANGLADESH
  • SHIMLA AGREEMENT