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Politics & War

Kim Jong Un

Kim Jong Un
KIM JONG UN

• The birthdate and early childhood of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un is shrouded in
mystery North Korean authorities have stated that his birth date is 8 January 1982, but South
Korean intelligence officials believe the actual date is a year later.
• Kim Jong-Un was the second of three children Ko Yong-hui bore to Kim Jong-il;
his elder brother Kim Jong-chul was born in 1981, while his younger sister, Kim Yojong,
is believed to have been born in 1987.
• he went to school in Switzerland near Bern. He was described as shy, a good student who
got along well with his classmates and was a basketball fan.

CHILDHOOD

• Kim is the second child of Kim Jong-il (1941–2011) and Ko Yong-hui. The grandson of Kim Il-sung, the first leader of North Korea from 1948 to 1994.

HISTORY OF KOREA  EARLY LIFE

• Much of the early life of Kim Jong-un is unknown to Western media. Kim Jong-un’s mother was opera singer Ko Young-hee, who had two other children and is thought to have campaigned for Kim Jong-un to be his father’s successor before her death in 2004.
• Kim Jong-il began to prepare Kim Jong-un for succession to leadership in 2010. Upon his father’s death in December 2011, Kim Jong-un assumed power. He was believed to be in his late 20s at the time.
• He was described as a well-integrated and ambitious student who liked to play basketball. However, his grades and attendance rating are reported to have been poor. The ambassador of North Korea in Switzerland, Ri Chol, had a close relationship with him and acted as a mentor.

COMING TO POWER

• on 27 September 2010, a day ahead of a rare Workers’ Party of Korea conference in Pyongyang, the first time North Korean media had mentioned him by name and despite him having no previous military experience.
• On 28 September 2010, he was named vice chairman of the Central Military Commission and appointed to the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party, in an apparent nod to become the successor to Kim Jong-il.
• On 10 October 2010, alongside his father, Kim Jong-un attended the ruling Workers’ Party’s 65th anniversary celebration. This was seen as confirming his position as the next leader of the Workers’ Party.

LEADERSHIP

• On 17 December 2011, Kim Jong-il died. Despite the elder Kim’s plans, it was not immediately clear after his death whether Jong-un would in fact take full power, and what his exact role in a new government would be.
• There was huge propaganda campaign on his funeral and was also the confirmation of the upcoming dictator.
• He had two brothers but none of them were considered capable to lead the country.Following his father’s death, Kim Jong-un was
hailed as the “great successor to the revolutionary cause of Juche.

LEADERSHIP

• After Kim assumed supreme leadership of North Korea, he reportedly executed or removed many senior officials that he had inherited from his father’s regime. Among those purged was his own uncle, Jang Songthaek (also known as Chang Sŏng-t’aek), who is believed to have
played an important role during Kim Kim Jong-il’s rule and had been considered one of Kim Jong-un’s top advisers.
• The Korean Central News Agency described Kim Jong-un as “a great person born of heaven”, a propaganda term only his father and grandfather had enjoyed. And the ruling Workers’ Party said in an editorial, “We vow with bleeding tears to call Kim Jong-un our supreme commander,
our leader.”

LEADERSHIP

• He was publicly declared Supreme Commander of the Korean People’s Army on 24 December 2011 and formally appointed to the position on 30 December 2011 assumed the supreme commander ship of the Korean People’s Army“.
• In 2013, Forbes named Kim Jong-un the World’s 46th Most Powerful Person.But actualy he was very young and not ready to take this leadership.He was only 26 years old and took the monstrous path.Everybody started showing personal loyality to him and treats him like a god.

PART – 2 DICTATORSHIP

• After Kim assumed supreme leadership of North Korea, he reportedly executed or removed many senior officials that he had inherited from his father’s regime.
• In December 2013, Jang was reportedly arrested and executed for being a traitor and plotting to overthrow the government. It is also believed that members of Jang’s family were executed as part of the purge.
• In February 2017, Kim’s older half-brother Kim Jong-nam died in Malaysia. Although many details remained unclear, it was believed he was poisoned at Kuala Lumpur airport, and multiple suspects were arrested. Kim Jong-nam had been living in exile for many years, during
which time he served as a vocal critic of his half-brother’s regime.

DICTATORSHIP

• On 15 April 2012, during a military parade to commemorate Kim Ilsung’s centenary, Kim Jong-un made his first public speech. That speech became the basis of a hymn dedicated to him, “Onwards Toward the Final Victory“
• Kim Jong-il’s personal chef Kenji Fujimoto stated, “Stores in Pyongyang were brimming with products and people in the streets looked cheerful. North Korea has changed a lot since Kim Jong-un assumed power. All of this is because of leader Kim Jong-un.“
• In 2013, Kim re-established his grandfather’s style when he made his first New Year’s address, a break from the approach of his father. Kim Jong-il never made televised addresses during his 17 years in power.

ECONOMIC POLICIES

• On 9 March 2014, Kim Jong-un was elected to a seat in the Supreme People’s Assembly, the country’s unicameral legislature. He ran unopposed, but voters had the choice of voting yes or no. There was a record turnout of voters and, according to government officials, all voted
“yes“.
• A set of comprehensive economic measures, the “Socialist Corporate Responsible Management System”, were introduced in 2013. The measures increase the autonomy of enterprises by granting them “certain rights to engage in business activities.
• North Korean media were describing the economy as a “flexible collectivist system” where enterprises were applying “active and evolutionary actions” to achieve economic development.

NUCLEAR WEAPONS

• Under Kim Jong-un’s authority, North Korea continued its weapons-testing programs.Although it was already developed in 2006. In February 2013, North Korea held its third underground nuclear test. The act was roundly condemned by the international community, including the
United States, Russia, Japan and China.
• By September 2016, the country reportedly conducted its fifth underground nuclear test, despite a history of sanctions imposed by the U.S. Other countries staunchly denounced the move and called for North Korea’s denuclearize.
• In February 2017, North Korea launched what its state media described as a medium long-range ballistic missile, with Kim said to be present at the site to supervise. The test sparked more outrage from the international community and calls for an urgent U.N. Security Council
meeting.

TRUMP AND KIM

• Kim notably butted heads with Donald Trump after the latter’s election to the U.S. presidency in November 2016. The two exchanged numerous threats of warfare, and even took to personally insulting the other.
• In November 2017, during a stop on a tour of Asia, President Trump took a softer stance, urging North Korea to “come to the table” to discuss disarmament.
• In late April 2018, shortly before his summit with President Moon Jae-in of South Korea, Kim
announced that he would suspend the country’s nuclear and missile testing and shut down the site where the previous six nuclear tests were held.

KIM AND OTHER WORLD

• Kim and Chinese President Xi Jinping held talks at the Great Hall of the People. Additionally, Xi hosted a banquet for Kim and his wife, and treated them to an art performance. Kim reportedly offered the toast.
• The surprise meeting came shortly before North Korea’s scheduled talks with the South, and the possibility of another historic summit, with the United States, on the horizon.
• Kim struck a measured tone during his New Year’s Day speech to open 2018, in which he stressed the need to “lower the military tensions on the Korean Peninsula”
• On April 27, Kim and Moon met at Panmunjom and crossed over to the South Korean side, the first time a North Korean ruler had done so. The partly televised meeting was marked by moments of levity, with Kim jokingly apologizing for interrupting his counterpart’s sleep with late  night missile testing.

PERSONAL LIFE

• In the summer of 2012, it was revealed that Kim had taken a wife, Ri Sol-ju. While the couple’s exact wedding date is unknown, one source reported it as 2009. In the months after the marriage was uncovered, the country’s first lady frequently appeared in the media.
• Kim Jong-un, part of the cyber-generation, is seen as having a more mediagenic style then his father, with the younger Kim having given a New Year’s broadcast, taking in musical  performances with his wife and being seen as more engaging with soldiers and workers.

BRUTALITY

• North Korea has been mired in poverty and economic ruin, with a devastating famine and food shortages in the 1990s. The country also reportedly has a concentration camp system with torturous, horrifying conditions for thousands of prisoners.
• Kim has vowed to focus on educational, agricultural and economic reforms for the betterment of North Koreans. Nonetheless, South Korea has asserted that human rights violations.
• In July 2016, the administration of President Barack Obama placed sanctions on Kim for human rights abuses, marking the first time the North Korean leader received a personal sanction from the U.S.

• In December 2017, the International Bar Association published a report describing North Korea’s political prison system. Kim’s prisoners endured conditions that were unmatched in their brutality.