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Politics & War

Politics & War

Inder Kumar Gujral

Inder Kumar Gujral
  • Before assuming the office of the Prime Minister of India, Shri Gujral was the Minister of External Affairs from June 1, 1996 and held additional charge of the Ministry of Water Resources from June 28, 1996
  • He was the Minister of External Affairs earlier during 1989- 1990. He was Ambassador of India to U.S.S.R. (Cabinet Rank) from 1976-1980 and held the following Ministerial positions from 1967-1976:
  • Minister of Communications & Parliamentary Affairs; Minister of Information & Broadcasting and Communications; Minister of Works & Housing; Minister of Information & Broadcasting; Minister of Planning.
  • Leader of the House, Rajya Sabha from June 1996; Chairman of Parliamentary Standing Committee on Commerce & Textiles, 1993 to April 1996; Member of Parliamentary Standing Committee for External Affairs – till April 1996; Member of Parliament 1964 to 1976, 1989 to 1991; re-elected to Rajya Sabha in 1992 from Bihar; Member, Committee on Petitions, Public Accounts Committee, Committee on Rules, Rajya Sabha; Committee on Subordinate Legislation, Rajya Sabha; General Purposes Committee, Rajya Sabha; Standing Committee on External Affairs.
  • Other important offices held:
  • Chairman, Indian Council of South Asian Co-operation; Member of the Capital Plan Monitoring Committee; former President of the Institute of Defence Studies & Analysis (IDSA); Chairman of the official Committee for the Promotion of Urdu (Gujral Committee); Vice-President of the New Delhi Municipal council 1959-64.
  • Leader of the Indian Delegation to United Nations General Assembly – 1996; Leader of the Indian Delegation to UN Session of Human Rights, Geneva 1995; Leader of the Indian Delegation to the UN General Assembly 1990; Leader of the Indian Delegation to the UN Special Session of Economic Development 1990; Member, Indian Delegation to UNO 1995 and 1994; Leader of the Indian Delegation to UNESCO Conference on Education and Environment, 1977; Alternate Leader of the Indian Delegation to the UNESCO Session in 1970, 1972 and 1974; Chairman, UNESCO Seminar on Man and New Communication Systems, Paris 1973; Delegate -Inter-Parliamentary Union Conference-Bucharest 1995; Delegate – Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Conference, Canada 19194; Delegate – Inter-Parliamentary Union Meeting Canberra (Australia) 1967; Alternate Leader of Indian Delegation to the UN Session on Environment, Stockholm 1974; Special Envoy of India to Gabon, Cameroon, Congo, Chad and Republic of Central Africa 1975; Special Envoy of India to the inaugural of the Republic of Malawi 1966; Special Envoy to Bulgaria 1961.
  • Inder Kumar Gujral was born on 4 December 1919 in a Punjabi Hindu Khatri family to Avtar Narain and Pushpa Gujral in the village of Parri Darvaiza, Jhelum in undivided Punjab in British India
  • He studied at D.A.V. College, Hailey College of Commerce and Forman Christian College, Lahore, all affiliated the University of the Punjab.
  • As a student, he became a member of the Communist Party of India
  • He also has two sisters, Uma Nanda and Sunita Judge. On 26 May 1945, Inder Kumar Gujral married Shiela Gujral (24 January 1924 – 11 July 2011) and had two sons, Naresh Gujral (born 19 May 1948), who is a Rajya Sabha MP, and Vishal Gujral.
  • IK Gujral’s younger brother Satish Gujral is a worldrenowned painter and sculptor
  • Gujral became vice-president of the New Delhi Municipal Committee in 1958, and joined the Congress party (INC) in 1964.
  • He was close to Indira Gandhi, and became a member of the Rajya Sabha in April 1964. During the Emergency of June 1975, Gujral was Minister of Information and Broadcasting, where he was in charge of the media during a time of censorship in India and was in charge of Doordarshan.
  • He again was selected to the Rajya Sabha to serve until 1976. He also served as Water Resources Minister. Later, Gujral was appointed Ambassador of India to the Soviet Union by Indira Gandhi and stayed on during the tenures of Morarji Desai and Charan Singh.
  • He was rumoured to have been shunted out of the ministry due to conflicts with the prime minister’s son, Sanjay Gandhi,over media censorship.
  • Gujral resigned from the Indian National Congress party in the 1980s. Then he joined the Janata Dal.In the Indian general election, 1989, Gujral was elected from Jalandhar in Punjab.
  • He served as Minister of External Affairs in Prime Minister V. P. Singh’s eleventh cabinet of India. In 1989, Singh sent him to Srinagar to negotiate with the perpetrators of the 1989 kidnapping of Rubaiya Sayeed.
  • In the Indian general election, 1991 Gujral contested from Patna in Bihar. However, the election was countermanded following complaints of ‘irregularities’.In 1992, Gujral was selected to the Rajya Sabha with the help of Lalu Prasad Yadav.
  • Subsequent to the 1996 election, when the United Front government was formed under the premiership of H. D. Deve Gowda, Gujral was again named Minister of External Affairs.
  • During this tenure, he developed the ‘Gujral Doctrine’ which emphasised better relations with India’s neighbours and was refined when he became prime minister
  • The Indian National Congress party had been supporting the United Front government from outside, but citing its wish to have the incumbent prime minister replaced, decided to withdraw support; this led to the government’s collapse in April 1997.
  • To avoid mid-term elections, a compromise was reached: the INC agreed to support another United Front government under a new leader.The United Front elected Gujral as its new leader, and he was sworn in as Prime Minister on 21 April 1997.
  • Gujral was admitted at Medanta Hospital in Gurgaon, Haryana (part of the National Capital Region), on 19 November 2012, after being diagnosed with a lung infection.
  • He had suffered a serious chest infection a few days before being admitted to the hospital following more than a year of dialysis.
  • Gujral succumbed to his ailments on 30 November 2012, four days short of his 93rd birthday.His body lay in state at his official residence, 5 Janpath, until noon the next day. The Government of India declared a seven-day period of state mourning and cancelled official functions until 6 December. STUDY IQ