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Charan Singh Chaudhary

Charan Singh Chaudhary
EARLY LIFE
  • Charan Singh was born on 23 December 1902 in the village Noorpur, District Hapur (Erstwhile District Meerut), Uttar Pradesh .
  • He was a good student, and received a Master of Arts (MA) degree in 1925 and a law degree in 1926 from Agra University. He started practice as a civil lawyer at Ghaziabad in 1928.
FREEDOM FIGHTER
  • In February 1937 he was elected from the constituency of Chhaprauli (Baghpat) to the Legislative Assembly of the United Provinces at the age of 34.
  • In 1938 he introduced an Agricultural Produce Market Bill in the Assembly.The Bill was adopted by most of the States in India, Punjab being the first state to do so in 1940. JAILED
  • Charan Singh followed Mahatma Gandhi in non-violent struggle for independence from the British Government, and was imprisoned several times. In 1930, he was sent to jail for 6 months by the British for contravention of the salt laws.
  • He was jailed again for one year in November 1940 for individual Satyagraha movement. In August 1942 he was jailed again by the British under DIR and released in November 1943.
POLITICS
  • • Charan Singh opposed Jawaharlal Nehru on his Sovietstyle economic reforms, and he helped transform the agricultural economy of North India after 1947.
  • Charan Singh was of the opinion that cooperative farms would not succeed in India. Being a son of a farmer, Charan Singh opined that the right of ownership was important to the farmer in remaining a cultivator.
  • Charan Singh’s political career suffered due to his open criticism of Nehru’s economic policy. POLITICS • Charan Singh left the Congress party in 1967, and formed his own political party, Bharatiya Kranti Dal. • He became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1967, and later in 1970. In 1975, he was jailed again, but this time by then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, daughter of his former rival Nehru.
  • She had declared the state of emergency and jailed all her political opponents.
  • He served as Deputy Prime Minister,Home Minister and Finance minisKarl Marx | Free PDF Downloadter in the Janata government headed by Morarji Desai.
PRIME MINISTER
  • He became Prime Minister in 1979 after Morarji Desai. His speech to the nation on India’s Independence Day (15 August 1979) was very prophetic in which he identified Pakistan’s nuclear ambition as a major threat to India.
  • He also mentioned that Indian labour laws had to be refined if India were to become competitive in world economy.
DEATH
  • Charan Singh died on 29 May 1987. He was survived by his wife, Gayatri Devi and 6 children. His grandson Jayant Chaudhary is recently elected to 15th Lok Sabha from Mathura.
  • Charan Singh has written several books. Some of them are: 1). India’s Economic Policy – The Gandhian Blueprint 2). Economic Nightmare of India – Its Cause and Cure 3). Cooperative Farming X-rayed