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August Comte

August Comte

 

EARLY LIFE

 

  • Auguste Comte was born in Montpellier, Hérault,France on 19 January 1798. After attending the Lycée Joffre and then the University of Montpellier, Comte was admitted to École Polytechnique in Paris.
  • The École closed in 1816 for reorganization, however, and Comte continued his studies at the medical school at Montpellier.
  • Following his return to Montpellier, Comte soon came to see unbridgeable differences with his Catholic and monarchist family and set off again for Paris, earning money by small jobs.
CAREER

 

  • In August 1817  he became a student and secretary to Henri de Saint-Simon, who brought Comte into contact with intellectual society and greatly influenced his thought therefrom.
  • During that time Comte published his first essays in the various publications headed by Saint-Simon.
  • In 1824, Comte left Saint-Simon, again because of unbridgeable differences. Comte published a Plan de travaux scientifiques nécessaires pour réorganiser la société (1822) (Plan of scientific studies necessary for the reorganization of society).
LATER

 

  • He published four volumes of Système de politique positive (1851–1854). His final work, the first volume of La Synthèse Subjective (“The Subjective Synthesis”), was published in 1856.
  • Comte died in Paris on 5 September 1857 from stomach cancer and was buried in the famous Père Lachaise Cemetery.
THEORIES

 

  • He is often regarded as the first philosopher of science in the modern sense of the term.Comte is also seen as the founder of the academic discipline of sociology.
  • Influenced by the utopian socialist Henri de Saint-Simon, Comte developed positive philosophy  calling for a new social doctrine based on science.
  •  He had a major impact on 19th-century thought, influencing the work of social thinkers such as Karl Marx, John Stuart Mill and  Émile Durkheim as practical and objective social research.